French Crafts by Mediterranean Interiors

The Arts and Crafts movement was an international trend in the decorative and fine arts that developed earliest and most fully in the British Isles and subsequently spread across the British Empire and to the rest of Europe and America. Initiated in reaction against the perceived impoverishment of the decorative arts and the conditions in which they were produced, the movement flourished in Europe and North America between about 1880 and 1920. Some consider that it is the root of the Modern Style, a British expression of what later came to be called the Art Nouveau movement. Others consider that it is the incarnation of Art Nouveau in England. Others consider Art and Crafts to be in opposition to Art Nouveau. Arts and Crafts indeed criticized Art Nouveau for its use of industrial materials such as iron. And as for Art Nouveau artists, the Arts and Crafts utopia was intrinsically contradictory: "the paradoxical confinement of the Arts & Crafts movement in an artisanal practice was completely out of step with the evolution of the status of the artist-decorator, but also with the democratic will of an art “for the people and by the people” proclaimed by William Morris". For example if Henry van de Velde understands the social discourse of Arts and Crafts, he is not an unconditional disciple of it. And he will end up turning away from it, considering it as anachronistic and tinged with quixoticism. In Japan, it emerged in the 1920s as the Mingei movement. It stood for traditional craftsmanship, and often used medieval, romantic, or folk styles of decoration. It advocated economic and social reform and was anti-industrial in its orientation. It had a strong influence on the arts in Europe until it was displaced by Modernism in the 1930s, and its influence continued among craft makers, designers, and town planners long afterwards. The term was first used by T. J. Cobden-Sanderson at a meeting of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society in 1887, although the principles and style on which it was based had been developing in England for at least 20 years. It was inspired by the ideas of historian Thomas Carlyle, art critic John Ruskin, and designer William Morris. In Scotland, it is associated with key figures such as Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Viollet le Duc's books on nature and Gothique art also play an essential part in the esthetics of the Arts and Crafts movement.

Article Title : Arts and Crafts movement
Article Snippet :Art Nouveau in England. Others consider Art and Crafts to be in opposition to Art Nouveau. Arts and Crafts indeed criticized Art Nouveau for its use of industrial
Article Title : Friedel–Crafts reaction
Article Snippet :The Friedel–Crafts reactions are a set of reactions developed by Charles Friedel and James Crafts in 1877 to attach substituents to an aromatic ring.
Article Title : 5-Minute Crafts
Article Snippet :Mic in June 2017, 5-Minute Crafts was noted to have accumulated over 4 million subscribers. In October 2017, 5-Minute Crafts started publishing content
Article Title : James Crafts
Article Snippet :James Mason Crafts (March 8, 1839 – June 20, 1917) was an American chemist, mostly known for developing the Friedel–Crafts alkylation and acylation reactions
Article Title : Craft beer
Article Snippet :Craft beer is a beer that has been made by craft breweries, which typically produce smaller amounts of beer, than larger "macro" breweries, and are often
Article Title : List of active French Navy landing craft
Article Snippet :List of active landing craft of the French Navy is a list of landing craft currently in service with the French Navy. These craft operate from the Mistral-class
Article Title : French Guiana
Article Snippet :French Guiana (/ɡiˈɑːnə/ or /ɡiˈænə/; French: Guyane, [ɡɥijan] ; French Guianese Creole: Lagwiyann or Gwiyann, [la.ɡwi.jãn]) is an overseas department
Article Title : New Orleans Arts and Crafts Club
Article Snippet :The New Orleans Arts and Crafts Club was a non-profit organization headquartered in the French Quarter of New Orleans in the early to mid-20th century
Article Title : Crafts of India
Article Snippet :empires. Throughout centuries, crafts have been embedded as a culture and tradition within rural communities. Crafts Metal crafts include metal work using zinc
Article Title : World Crafts Council
Article Snippet :to 29. Global Peace Through Craft: The Formation of the World Crafts Council, By Sandra Alfoldy, 2002 Dublin: World Crafts Council Europe conference, by

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