French Art Crafts by Mediterranean Interiors


The Arts and Crafts movement was an international trend in the decorative and fine arts that developed earliest and most fully in the British Isles and subsequently spread across the British Empire and to the rest of Europe and America. Initiated in reaction against the perceived impoverishment of the decorative arts and the conditions in which they were produced, the movement flourished in Europe and North America between about 1880 and 1920. Some consider that it is the root of the Modern Style, a British expression of what later came to be called the Art Nouveau movement. Others consider that it is the incarnation of Art Nouveau in England. Others consider Art and Crafts to be in opposition to Art Nouveau. Arts and Crafts indeed criticized Art Nouveau for its use of industrial materials such as iron. And as for Art Nouveau artists, the Arts and Crafts utopia was intrinsically contradictory: "the paradoxical confinement of the Arts & Crafts movement in an artisanal practice was completely out of step with the evolution of the status of the artist-decorator, but also with the democratic will of an art 'for the people and by the people' proclaimed by William Morris". For example, while Henry van de Velde understood the social discourse of Arts and Crafts, he was not an unconditional disciple of the movement and ended up turning away from it, considering it as anachronistic and tinged with quixotism. In Japan, it emerged in the 1920s as the Mingei movement. It stood for traditional craftsmanship, and often used medieval, romantic, or folk styles of decoration. It advocated economic and social reform and was anti-industrial in its orientation. It had a strong influence on the arts in Europe until it was displaced by Modernism in the 1930s, and its influence continued among craft makers, designers, and town planners long afterwards. The term was first used by T. J. Cobden-Sanderson at a meeting of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society in 1887, although the principles and style on which it was based had been developing in England for at least 20 years. It was inspired by the ideas of historian Thomas Carlyle, art critic John Ruskin, and designer William Morris. In Scotland, it is associated with key figures such as Charles Rennie Mackintosh. Viollet le Duc's books on nature and Gothique art also play an essential part in the esthetics of the Arts and Crafts movement.

Article Title : Arts and Crafts movement
Article Snippet :Arts and Crafts indeed criticized Art Nouveau for its use of industrial materials such as iron. And as for Art Nouveau artists, the Arts and Crafts utopia
Article Title : French art
Article Snippet :French art consists of the visual and plastic arts (including French architecture, woodwork, textiles, and ceramics) originating from the geographical
Article Title : International Art & Craft Fair
Article Snippet :The International Art and Craft Fair, Ouagadougou – better known by its French name, SIAO (Le Salon International de L Artisanat de Ouagadougou) – is a
Article Title : Art Nouveau
Article Snippet :Art Nouveau (/ˌɑːr(t) nuːˈvoʊ/ AR(T) noo-VOH, French: [aʁ nuvo] ; lit. 'New Art') is an international style of art, architecture, and applied art, especially
Article Title : Visual arts
Article Snippet :arts, crafts, or applied visual arts media. The distinction was emphasized by artists of the Arts and Crafts Movement, who valued vernacular art forms
Article Title : Decoupage
Article Snippet :Decoupage or découpage (/ˌdeɪkuːˈpɑːʒ/; French: [dekupaʒ]) is the art of decorating an object by gluing colored paper cutouts onto it in combination with
Article Title : National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo
Article Snippet :annex, the Kōgeikan Crafts Gallery, that collects and exhibits textiles, ceramics, lacquer, and other Japanese crafts, as well as crafts and designs from
Article Title : Art Nouveau furniture
Article Snippet :and Crafts Movement, which in turn inspired The American Craftsman style, the American Arts and Crafts movement. One designer who introduced Art Nouveau
Article Title : Impressionism
Article Snippet :unsettling social change in France, as Emperor Napoleon III rebuilt Paris and waged war—the Académie des Beaux-Arts dominated French art. The Académie was the
Article Title : City of Crafts and Folk Arts
Article Snippet :have made unique contributions to the field of crafts and folk arts. The current designated Cities of Crafts and Folk Arts of UNESCO are: Creative Cities

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