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William III (William Henry; Dutch: Willem Hendrik; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was the sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from the 1670s, and King of England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702. As King of Scotland, he is known as William II. He ruled Britain and Ireland alongside his wife, Queen Mary II, and their joint reign is known as that of William and Mary. William was the only child of William II, Prince of Orange, and Mary, Princess Royal, the daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland, and Ireland. His father died a week before his birth, making William III the prince of Orange from birth. In 1677, he married his first cousin Mary, the eldest daughter of his maternal uncle James, Duke of York, the younger brother and later successor of King Charles II. A Protestant, William participated in several wars against the powerful Catholic French ruler Louis XIV in coalition with both Protestant and Catholic powers in Europe. Many Protestants heralded William as a champion of their faith. In 1685, his Catholic uncle and father-in-law, James, became king of England, Scotland, and Ireland. James's reign was unpopular with the Protestant majority in Britain, who feared a revival of Catholicism. Supported by a group of influential British political and religious leaders, William invaded England in what became known as the Glorious Revolution. In 1688, he landed at the south-western English port of Brixham; James was deposed shortly afterward. William's reputation as a staunch Protestant enabled him and his wife to take power. During the early years of his reign, William was occupied abroad with the Nine Years' War (1688–1697), leaving Mary to govern Britain alone. She died in 1694. In 1696 the Jacobites, a faction loyal to the deposed James, plotted unsuccessfully to assassinate William and restore the deposed James to the throne. William's lack of children and the death in 1700 of his nephew the Duke of Gloucester, the son of his sister-in-law Anne, threatened the Protestant succession. The danger was averted by placing William and Mary's cousins, the Protestant Hanoverians, in line to the throne after Anne with the Act of Settlement 1701. Upon his death in 1702, William was succeeded in Britain by Anne and as titular Prince of Orange by his cousin John William Friso.

Article Title : William III of England
Article Snippet :the king and queen was: Quarterly, I and IV Grand quarterly, Azure three fleurs-de-lis Or (for France) and Gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or
Article Title : Rihanna
Article Snippet :Award." Rihanna's first fragrance, Reb'l Fleur, was released in January 2011. According to Rolling Stone, Reb'l Fleur was a financial success and was expected
Article Title : Glucose
Article Snippet :Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-123-66852-3, p. XIII. Koekkoek, L. L.; Mul, J. D.; La Fleur, S. E. (2017). "Glucose-Sensing in the Reward System". Frontiers in Neuroscience
Article Title : Iris (plant)
Article Snippet :Virgin's flower). The fleur-de-lis, a stylized iris, first occurs in its modern use as the emblem of the House of Capet. The fleur-de-lis has been associated
Article Title : Swellendam
Article Snippet :founder, Hendrik Swellengrebel, namely a golden shield displaying a blue fleur de lis with a red band. An anchor was placed behind the shield. The British
Article Title : Deaths in 2024
Article Snippet :Scottish noblewoman. Edith Ceccarelli, 116, American supercentenarian. Fleur van Dooren, 35, Dutch field hockey player (Rotterdam, Pinoké, national team)
Article Title : Canada
Article Snippet :October 29, 2023. Nord, D.C.; Weller, G.R. Canada and the United States: An Introduction to a Complex Relationship. p. 14. Carment, D.; Sands, C. (2019).
Article Title : House of Orange-Nassau
Article Snippet :eagle in his personal arms and the King of France, who used the famous Fleur-de-lis. The lion was so heavily used in the Netherlands for various provinces
Article Title : List of Canadian writers
Article Snippet :novelists, children's writers, essayists, and scholars. Contents:  Top 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z List of Canadian poets List of
Article Title : 121st Signal Battalion (United States)
Article Snippet :Argent charged with a fleur-de-lis Tenné. Motto: TO PARON EY POIEIN (Do Well The Duty That Lies Before You). Shield: The colors orange and white are for the

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